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512-233-6204
401 W. Whitestone Blvd. Ste B-200, Cedar Park, Texas 78613

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Does Smoking Affect Vision?

Eye Doctors Weigh In: How Smoking Can Harm Your Vision & Eye Health

We all know that smoking is bad for you, especially the risks that it poses to your heart and lungs. What many people do not know is that cigarette smoke negatively affects your eyes and vision too. Smoking has been directly linked to an increase in the risks of both cataracts and macular degeneration, two leading causes of vision loss, and it is believed to be a factor in a number of other eye and vision issues. 

Smoking and Cataracts

Studies show that smoking doubles the risk of cataracts and with heavy smoking, the risk triples. In fact, there seems to be a direct correlation between the amount of smoking and the likelihood of cataracts. Cataracts are characterised by the clouding of the lens of the eye and it is believed that smoking affects the cells of the lens, accelerating this process. 

Cataracts are a leading cause of vision loss worldwide, however they can be treated surgically by removing the clouded lens and replacing it with an artificial one. Symptoms include: 

    • Blurred, cloudy or dim vision 
    • Sensitivity to light and glare
    • Presence of halos around lights
    • Increasingly poor night vision
    • Fading color vision
    • Double vision
    • and frequent prescription changes with minimal improvement in vision 

Smoking and Age-Related Macular Degeneration

According to medical research, smoking increases the likelihood of developing age-related macular degeneration between two and four times the normal risk – the more you smoke, the greater the risk. Unfortunately, there is also an increased risk for those exposed to cigarette smoke for extended periods of time. 

Age-related macular degeneration or AMD is a condition in which the macula, which is the center of the retina, begins to to deteriorate, reducing central vision and the eye’s ability to see fine details. The disease is characterized by blurred and distorted eyesight and blind spots in the central vision. With time, the disease can progress to leave the person with low vision, which is significant vision loss that cannot be corrected by eyeglasses, contact lenses or refractive surgery. 

Other Eye and Vision Risks of Smoking

Smoking has also been linked to dry eyes, optic nerve damage and diabetic retinopathy (for those with diabetes). 

“Eye Vitamins” are often used without doctor’s recommendations. Smokers are cautioned not to take beta-carotene supplements, specifically, (or multi-vitamins containing this ingredient) as studies indicate there is increased risk of cancer even in people who quit smoking.

What to Do?

Even if you have been smoking for years, quitting will reduce the risks of developing these conditions, for yourself and those around you. If you do smoke, make sure to schedule a comprehensive eye exam every year to catch any developing disease early. Early diagnosis and treatment can be the key to saving your vision and preventing permanent vision loss. 

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Welcome to Texas State Optical Cedar Park

Our Location

401 W. Whitestone Blvd. Ste B-200
Cedar Park, TX 78613

Office Details

401 W. Whitestone Blvd. Ste B-200
Cedar Park, TX 78613
  • 10:00 AM - 6:00 PM
  • 10:00 AM - 6:00 PM
  • 10:00 AM - 6:00 PM
  • 10:00 AM - 6:00 PM
  • 9:00 AM - 2:00 PM
  • 9:00 AM - 2:00 PM
  • Closed

Tuesday & Saturday by appointment only. Please call ahead.

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Our Reviews

Dr. Yonker is fantastic and so welcoming! Would recommend to everyone!
4 days ago
5
- Coach A.
eye doctor's office
Quick and efficient- I felt welcomed by the whole team- Mallory, Dr. Yonker and the lady that helped check me in and out of the office (I didn’t catch her name, unfortunately.)
1 week ago
5
- Caroline R.
eye doctor's office
Fast, friendly, and knowledgeable
3 weeks ago
5
- Joshua K.
eye doctor's office
The staff is amazing. Dr. Yonker is incredibly thorough. He has a perfect way of dealing with patients. He is laid back and calm, yet very thorough. He explains what he is doing and gives the right amount of information so you understand what is going on with your eyes, without overwhelming you. This was my favorite eye exam I have received.
1 month ago
5
- Anthony F.
eye doctor's office
Staff is great and understanding. He cares that you feel comfortable. He checked things several times because I wasn't sure. So he reassuring.
2 months ago
4
- Cynthia C.
eye doctor's office
Dr. Yonker and his staff were very nice.
2 months ago
4
- Jen M.
eye doctor's office
My wife and I have been seeing Dr. Yonkers at TSO in Cedar Park since we moved to Leander in 2012. He had just opened his office just before our first visit. We have both been very pleased with his personal attention to our vision needs. His staff is awesome as well.
3 months ago
5
- John R.
eye doctor's office