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3 Ways Diabetes Can Affect Your Vision and Eyes

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Did you know that people with diabetes are 20 times more likely to get eye diseases than those without it? There are three major eye conditions that diabetics are at risk for developing: cataracts, glaucoma, and diabetic retinopathy. To prevent these sight-threatening diseases, it's important to control your blood sugar level and have your eyes checked at least once a year by an eye doctor. 

But First, What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that is associated with high blood glucose levels. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps our cells get energy from the sugars we eat. Diabetes develops when the body doesn't produce or respond to insulin effectively, leaving too much sugar in the blood stream instead. Over time, diabetes can lead to potentially irreversible ocular damage and poor eyesight. However, by taking care of your blood sugar levels and your eyes, you can prevent vision loss.

Annual eye exams are recommended for everyone, but routine screenings are even more important for diabetics. Eye doctors may send diabetic eye health reports to a patient’s primary care physician or internist to adjust medication as needed to prevent complications.

What's the Link Between Vision and Diabetes? 

Blurred vision or fluctuating eyesight clarity is often one of the first noticeable signs that diabetes has begun to affect your eyes. Sometimes, fluid leaking into the eye causes the lens to swell and change shape. This, in turn, makes it difficult for the eyes to focus, resulting in fuzzy vision. Such symptoms can indicate that an eye disease is developing, or may simply be due to imbalanced blood sugar levels which can be rectified by getting your blood sugar back to healthy levels. 

If you start to notice blurry vision, make an appointment with Dr. Jeffrey Yonker as soon as possible.

The 3 Ways Diabetes Impacts Vision 

Cataracts

While cataracts are extremely common and a part of the natural aging process, those with diabetes tend to develop cataracts earlier in life. Characterized by a clouding or fogging of the lens within the eye, cataracts impede light from entering the eye, causing blurred vision and glares. The best treatment is cataract surgery, which is very safe and effective. 

Glaucoma

Glaucoma refers to a group of eye diseases characterized by optic nerve damage. Since it tends to impact peripheral vision first, glaucoma often goes unnoticed until significant damage has occurred. However, routine glaucoma screenings can detect warning signs; early treatment can prevent disease progression and vision loss. 

Although there is no true cure for glaucoma, most glaucoma patients successfully manage it with special eye drops, medication, and on occasion, laser treatment or other surgery. The earlier glaucoma is diagnosed and managed, the better the outcome.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy occurs when the small blood vessels on your retina (capillaries) become weakened and then balloon (microaneurysm) due to poorly controlled blood sugar levels. The resulting poor blood circulation in the back of the eye causes more abnormal blood vessels to grow, which also bleed or leak fluid, and can lead to scar tissue, retinal detachment and even blindness, over time.

Often there are no symptoms until the advanced stages of diabetic retinopathy, where patients may begin to see spots and missing patches in their vision. Retinopathy can be treated through surgery and eye injections, but the best way to prevent this disease from progressing is to regularly have your eyes screened.

The good news is that diabetic eye disease can often be prevented with early detection, proper management of your diabetes and regular diabetic eye exams. Contact TSO Cedar Park in Cedar Park to set up your eye doctor’s appointment today. 

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Welcome to Texas State Optical Cedar Park

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401 West Whitestone Boulevard, Bldg B200
Cedar Park, TX 78613

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401 West Whitestone Boulevard, Bldg B200
Cedar Park, TX 78613
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Our Reviews

Very helpful and professional. I will be going to this location for as long as they have it open.
6 days ago
5
- Greg C.
eye doctor's office
Dr. Yonker and his staff are excellent! They are very caring and helpful. Always ready to get you what you need in an efficient and enjoyable way. Very glad I found this place!
1 week ago
5
- Brian o.
eye doctor's office
I always enjoy my visits with Dr. Yonker. He is a great person and great at his job. I’m definitely going to stay a long term client!
2 weeks ago
5
- Chad H.
eye doctor's office
Dr.Yonker was very nice and patient with me. I am extremely skiddish and hate when anything has to go in my eye, he didn’t seem annoyed or anything with me. He was very thorough during my exam and even gave me a coupon for my prescription! Front desk staff was nice too.
3 weeks ago
5
- Hulu A.
eye doctor's office
Dr. Jeff was great! Great conversation, answered any questions we had!
4 weeks ago
5
- Gray L.
eye doctor's office
Great people, fast, friendly service and reasonable prices on a good selection of eyewear.
2 months ago
5
- Bill T.
eye doctor's office
Jeffrey Yonker was very thorough and helpful. He also has newer equipment than many of the other places I've been. I'm very pleased with the experience!
2 months ago
5
- Jeff H.
eye doctor's office