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3 Ways Diabetes Can Affect Your Vision and Eyes

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Did you know that people with diabetes are 20 times more likely to get eye diseases than those without it? There are three major eye conditions that diabetics are at risk for developing: cataracts, glaucoma, and diabetic retinopathy. To prevent these sight-threatening diseases, it's important to control your blood sugar level and have your eyes checked at least once a year by an eye doctor. 

But First, What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that is associated with high blood glucose levels. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps our cells get energy from the sugars we eat. Diabetes develops when the body doesn't produce or respond to insulin effectively, leaving too much sugar in the blood stream instead. Over time, diabetes can lead to potentially irreversible ocular damage and poor eyesight. However, by taking care of your blood sugar levels and your eyes, you can prevent vision loss.

Annual eye exams are recommended for everyone, but routine screenings are even more important for diabetics. Eye doctors may send diabetic eye health reports to a patient’s primary care physician or internist to adjust medication as needed to prevent complications.

What's the Link Between Vision and Diabetes? 

Blurred vision or fluctuating eyesight clarity is often one of the first noticeable signs that diabetes has begun to affect your eyes. Sometimes, fluid leaking into the eye causes the lens to swell and change shape. This, in turn, makes it difficult for the eyes to focus, resulting in fuzzy vision. Such symptoms can indicate that an eye disease is developing, or may simply be due to imbalanced blood sugar levels which can be rectified by getting your blood sugar back to healthy levels. 

If you start to notice blurry vision, make an appointment with Dr. Jeffrey Yonker as soon as possible.

The 3 Ways Diabetes Impacts Vision 

Cataracts

While cataracts are extremely common and a part of the natural aging process, those with diabetes tend to develop cataracts earlier in life. Characterized by a clouding or fogging of the lens within the eye, cataracts impede light from entering the eye, causing blurred vision and glares. The best treatment is cataract surgery, which is very safe and effective. 

Glaucoma

Glaucoma refers to a group of eye diseases characterized by optic nerve damage. Since it tends to impact peripheral vision first, glaucoma often goes unnoticed until significant damage has occurred. However, routine glaucoma screenings can detect warning signs; early treatment can prevent disease progression and vision loss. 

Although there is no true cure for glaucoma, most glaucoma patients successfully manage it with special eye drops, medication, and on occasion, laser treatment or other surgery. The earlier glaucoma is diagnosed and managed, the better the outcome.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy occurs when the small blood vessels on your retina (capillaries) become weakened and then balloon (microaneurysm) due to poorly controlled blood sugar levels. The resulting poor blood circulation in the back of the eye causes more abnormal blood vessels to grow, which also bleed or leak fluid, and can lead to scar tissue, retinal detachment and even blindness, over time.

Often there are no symptoms until the advanced stages of diabetic retinopathy, where patients may begin to see spots and missing patches in their vision. Retinopathy can be treated through surgery and eye injections, but the best way to prevent this disease from progressing is to regularly have your eyes screened.

The good news is that diabetic eye disease can often be prevented with early detection, proper management of your diabetes and regular diabetic eye exams. Contact TSO Cedar Park in Cedar Park to set up your eye doctor’s appointment today. 

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Welcome to Texas State Optical Cedar Park

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401 West Whitestone Boulevard, Bldg B200
Cedar Park, TX 78613

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401 West Whitestone Boulevard, Bldg B200
Cedar Park, TX 78613
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Our Reviews

The staff are very courteous and helpful, and the Dr. very thorough and helpful.
1 week ago
5
- Maria M.
eye doctor's office
This was my son's first ever eye exam. The staff (front desk and beyond) treated him with so much care and attention. They were awesome with him and put him at ease throughout the visit. Dr. Yonker was kind and thorough and explained everything to my son so that he felt important and involved. We will definitely come back.
3 weeks ago
5
- Lori W.
eye doctor's office
All the staff were very helpful with eyewear selection. Very satisfied with everything, especially updates to prescription recommendations by Dr. Yonker.
4 weeks ago
5
- Marcia T.
eye doctor's office
The office is beautiful, warm, and inviting; the staff all really do enjoy working with people, and Doctor Jeffrey is wise beyond his years. I'm very impressed with the latest technology they maintain -- makes eye exams much more comfortable and diagnoses more accurate. HUGE selection of eye-wear, too!
4 weeks ago
5
- Kim K.
eye doctor's office
I like this location and the optometrist is really good. Staff is friendly and handle insurance pretty well.
1 month ago
5
- Jaime C.
eye doctor's office
I always have an excellent experience when it’s time for an appointment. Dr.Yonkers is extremely thorough and knowledgeable. While all the staff are kind and welcoming I’ve had Autumn assist me MANY times. She is outstanding and goes above and beyond to make sure you get the best deal and even lends an opinion on frames! Would highly recommend.
1 month ago
5
- Anna A.
eye doctor's office
Very helpful and professional. I will be going to this location for as long as they have it open.
1 month ago
5
- Greg C.
eye doctor's office