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DRY EYE SYNDROME

Tears are essential for healthy and eyes and vision.

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What is Dry Eye Syndrome?

Dry Eye Syndrome, or DES, is a condition caused by a lack of naturally producing tears. Tears are an essential aspect of eye health because they lubricate the surface of the eyes, keeping them moist and comfortable. When the body is unable to produce an adequate amount of tears, the eyes can begin to dry out, leading to itchy, red, and painful eyes.

At TSO Cedar Park, we are leaders in treatments for Dry Eye Syndrome patients in Cedar Park, Texas. If you or a loved one suffers from DES, speak with Dr. Jeffrey Yonker and schedule a consultation to learn how we can help.

What Are Tears Made Of?

Tears are more than just fluid in the eye; they have a chemical makeup comprised of water, enzymes, proteins, metabolites, lipids, and mucins.

Tears are important because they keep your eyes well-lubricated and protect them from foreign bodies or dust particles, which can cause irritation. When an insufficient amount of tears is produced in the tear ducts, Dry Eye Syndrome occurs.

 

What are tear elements and why are they important?

Enzymes are proteins that cause a chemical reaction inside the body

Proteins are molecules containing amino acids that are found in tissues in the body

Metabolites are small molecules that are related to metabolism

Lipids are molecules with an oily substance which contain healthy fats

Mucins are glycoproteins that helps cells stick together

What Are Common Symptoms of Dry Eye?

The most frequent types of Dry Eye symptoms include:

  • Blurry vision
  • Burning sensation
  • Gritty feeling
  • Itchy eyes
  • Redness
  • Stinging
  • Soreness
  • Watery eyes

It may seem ironic, but one symptom of DES is watery eyes. This occurs when the body attempts to self-soothe the dryness by producing excessive tears, a condition known as Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (KCS). The tears lack a sufficient amount of water, so although these tears may provide temporary relief, the excessiveness of the tear production isn’t healthy.

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Who Is at Risk for Developing Dry Eye Syndrome?

Like other diseases and eye conditions, there are some people who are more susceptible to developing DES. Age, gender, medical conditions, even the environment can contribute to sensitivity to dry eyes.

Medical Conditions

Certain medical conditions can make Dry Eye more prevalent. Patients with any of the following diseases may notice signs of DES symptoms:

  • Arthritis, an inflammation of the joints
  • Blepharitis, an inflammation of the eyelid, usually caused by skin conditions such as dandruff or rosacea
  • Diabetes, a condition causing high blood glucose levels
  • Glaucoma, a disease of the optic nerve, which causes vision loss
  • Hypertension, high blood pressure in the arteries
  • Lupus, a chronic autoimmune disease that causes damage to healthy tissue
  • Thyroid Disorder, when the tissues that surround the eyes become swollen or inflamed
  • Vitamin A Deficiency, when there is an insufficient amount of Vitamin A, which normally helps protect the cornea

Environmental Factors

People who live in areas with heavy winds or with dusty or dry air may find that their eyes often feel dry. Being around smoke or hair dryers can cause the same reaction. Being in direct aim of a heater or air conditioning unit can also dry out the eyes.

Gender

 

Women are more prone to DES because of hormonal changes due to pregnancy, birth control, and menopause. Women over age 50 have a 50% greater risk of developing Dry Eye than men of the same age. Additionally, women tend to visit their doctor more often than men and at earlier stages of discomfort, so diagnosing the condition in women is more common.

Age

According to the National Eye Institute, the risk of experiencing DES goes up with age. That’s because the natural tears of the eye decrease over time, which is a natural part of aging. As the patient’s tear production diminishes, signs of Dry Eye increase.

Treatment for Dry Eye Syndrome

Dr. Jeffrey Yonker treats patients from all over Cedar Park, Texas who have Dry Eye. Our staff has the experience and knowledge needed to help give you relief from DES symptoms and improve your quality of life.

Depending on your specific case, we may recommend artificial tears or lubricant eye drops to produce tears to moisten and make your eyes feel more comfortable. Prescription drops can help stimulate tear production and, in some cases, steroids can provide significant short-term relief.

For patients with more severe DES, the doctor may suggest the use of punctal plugs. These tiny devices are placed inside the tear duct to block tears from draining. As the natural moisture is prevented from leaking out, it remains in the eye and coats it properly, keeping it lubricated and comfortable.

Scleral lenses can provide effective relief, as well. These are custom-designed rigid contact lenses with a large diameter that cover the entire sclera (the white part of the eye) without touching the cornea. Scleral lenses contain a tiny pool of water, providing constant moisture to dry eyes.

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Medications and Dry Eye

All medications include warnings of possible side effects which some patients may experience. There are certain categories of medications that are known to decrease natural tear production, such as:

  • Antidepressants
  • Antihistamines
  • Anxiety medications
  • Birth control pills
  • Blood pressure medication
  • Decongestants

If you are taking any of these medications and feeling any signs of Dry Eye, speak with (tokens name=’SpDoctorDE’) about some alternative medications or treatments to alleviate your symptoms

Short-Term Effects of Dry Eye Syndrome

Many symptoms of Dry Eye Syndrome last for the short term, meaning, they can fade with proper treatment or sometimes, on their own. Blurry vision, itchy or red eyes, and stinging can be treated effectively and perhaps eventually disappear.

 

Long-Term Effects of Dry Eye Syndrome

Some symptoms of Dry Eye Syndrome have long-term effects, which means that they can last for months or even years. These may include:

  • Corneal abrasions or ulcers
  • Long-term inflammation
  • Vision impairment

Corneal abrasions can become serious if left untreated. They often heal on their own, but in more severe cases, prescription creams or bandage contact lenses may be needed for more efficient treatment. In cases of vision impairment from Dry Eye Syndrome, we can help.

These long-term effects of Dry Eye can negatively impact your life. Sensitivity to light and difficulty driving are 2 primary examples of everyday tasks that can become restricted with severe Dry Eye Syndrome. This leads to a lower quality of life.

If you suffer from Dry Eye and are ready for a solution to your painful symptoms, contact (tokens name=’SpDoctorDE’) and the staff at (tokens name=’SpCenterDE’). We are here to help you experience better vision today.

Welcome to Texas State Optical Cedar Park

 
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Welcome to Texas State Optical Cedar Park

Our Location

401 W Whitestone Boulevard, Bldg B200
Cedar Park, TX 78613

Office Details

401 W Whitestone Boulevard, Bldg B200
Cedar Park, TX 78613
  • 10:00 AM - 7:00 PM
  • 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM
  • 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM
  • 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM
  • 9:00 AM - 2:00 PM
  • Closed
  • Closed
Special Office Hours:
  • 9:00 AM - 4:00 PM
  • 9:00 AM - 2:00 PM

Saturday hours available by appointment only.

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Our Reviews

Dr. Yonker was amazing! He was very thorough to find what prescription I needed and found an issue my previous doctor had missed. Recommend 100%!
1 week ago
5
- Cassie L.
eye doctor's office
ALL THE STAFF MEMBERS AT TSO ARE FRIENDLY, KNOWLEDGEABLE, COURTEOUS, AND PROVIDE ALL THEIR CUSTOMERS WITH THE PROFESSIONAL ATTENTION AND CARE WE AS CUSTOMERS/ CLIENTS EXPECT AND DESERVE. THEY WILL WORK DILIGENTLY TO MAKE CERTAIN YOU ARE COMPLETELY SATISFIED, AND TO MAKE THE EXPERIENCE A MEMORABLE ONE. I HAVE NEVER DEALT WITH A MORE PLEASANT GROUP THAN TSO STAFF MEMBERS. I HIGHLY APPRECIATE DR. YONKERS PERSONAL INVOLVEMENT IN RESOLVING ISSUES, AND TAKING THE TIME TO PROVIDE THE BEST POSSIBLE CARE OF HIS CLIENTS/PATIENTS. AUTUMN IS A PROFESSIONAL, CHARISMATIC , EXTREMELY UNDERSTANDING INDIVIDUAL THAT WILL WORK WITH YOU TO PROVIDE THE BEST POSSIBLE CARE AND ATTENTION TO DETAILS. THE FRONT DESK STAFF WILL ALWAYS GREET YOU WITH A SMILE AND COURTESY. I BELIEVE TSO HAS SURPASSED MY EXPECTATIONS, AND HAS BEEN MY BEST OPTOMETRIST EXPERIENCE .
2 weeks ago
5
- John R.
eye doctor's office
Dr York is very knowledgeable about your eyes. I appreciate the way he discusses his eyes during the discussing my eyes. He knows history and the latest about how the eyes functions and parts. I don’t feel rushed once in Dr York’s exam room. He takes time to explain photos, using the optometry equipment, and also additional lenses to check your vision. Thanks to you Dr York.
2 weeks ago
5
- Sandra C.
eye doctor's office
I haven't received my frames yet and I didn't get an eye exam here but the office team here is amazing! After five minutes of trying on frames, this office felt like a family! Everyone is so nice: Khina, Autumn, Sierra and Kevin (sorry if I spelled names wrong). During my purchase of frames the staff went above and beyond to explain everything, show examples and give valuable opinions and feedback. They also worked everything out very well with my insurance and payment. I am recommending this location due to their outstanding service, I've a new little eye care family now and will always use this location as long as I'm in the Austin area
3 weeks ago
5
- Brittany M.
eye doctor's office
Very friendly and professional personnel. Good frames selection; glasses fit correctly the first time.
3 weeks ago
5
- Zeve W.
eye doctor's office
Great experience getting eye exam and shopping for new eyewear. Dr. Yonkers really takes an interest in you as a patient. He answered all my questions, asked me many as well to understand my history, and I never felt rushed during the exam. Great staff as well, taking time with me to try on dozens of frames, and answering my questions about lenses.
4 weeks ago
5
- James P.
eye doctor's office
I can't say enough about TSO in Cedar Park....they are all amazing, friendly and professional. I will never go anywhere else. ❤
4 weeks ago
5
- Virginia G.
eye doctor's office